Europe’s Euclid space telescope launches to map the dark universe | Engadget

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A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the European Space Company’s Euclid spacecraft in Florida late Saturday morning. The near-infrared telescope, named after the historical Greek mathematician thought-about by many to be the father of geometry, will research how dark matter and dark vitality form the universe.

As well as to the 600-megapixel digicam, which astronomers will use to picture a 3rd of the evening sky over the subsequent six years, Euclid is provided with a near-infrared spectrometer and a photometer to measure the redshift of galaxies. Mixed with information from ground-based observatories, this info will assist scientists estimate the distance between totally different galaxies. as notes that physicists hope that Euclid will permit them to decide whether or not Albert Einstein’s concept of normal relativity works in another way on a cosmic scale. There’s a actual risk that the spacecraft may revolutionize our understanding of physics and even provide insights into the final destiny of the universe.

“If we would like to perceive the universe we dwell in, we’d like to unravel the nature of dark matter and dark vitality and perceive the position they performed in shaping our cosmos,” stated Carol Mandell, ESA’s science director. “To reply these basic questions, Euclid will current the most detailed map of the extragalactic sky.”

With Euclid in space, it’ll journey about 1,000,000 miles to the second Lagrange level of the photo voltaic system. That is the identical space of ​​space the place the James Webb Space Telescope has been working for the previous 12 months. It’ll take a couple of month for Euclid to journey there, and one other three months for ESA to take a look at the spacecraft’s devices earlier than Euclid can ship information again to Earth.

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